Incontinence l Women & Children Centre  
LocationsOur Location
WhatsApp Ask a Podiatrist WhatsApp Ask a Physiotherapist


For Women > Physiotherapy > Conditions > Incontinence

What are your pelvic floor muscles? 

The pelvic floor muscles span the bottom of the pelvis. The pelvic floor muscles form the base of a group of muscles commonly called the ‘core’. These muscles work with the deep abdominal, back muscles and the diaphragm to support the spine and regulate pressure in the abdomen. The pelvic floor muscles also function to support the pelvic organs, maintain continence, provide lumbo-pelvic stability, and play a role in sexual function. 

What is urinary incontinence? 

Pelvic Floor dysfunction can lead to ano-rectal incontinence and more commonly, urinary incontinence.  Urinary incontinence is commonly known as being the uncontrollable and accidental release of urine. This can happen by doing everyday activities such as coughing, sneezing, jogging and even laughing.  It is common but it is not normal. Incontinence is a personal and sensitive problem but can greatly affect your quality of life. 

There are different types of urinary incontinence: stress, urge, mixed and overflow. 

  • Stress urinary incontinence: Most common type of incontinence. An involuntary loss of urine on effort or physical exertion, or with sneezing and coughing.
  • Urge urinary incontinence: Involuntary loss of urine associated with urgency. Overactive bladder may also present with urge incontinence and presence of urgency, usually accompanied by frequency and night wakings to urinate. 
  • Overflow incontinence is when the bladder is unable to empty, it overfills/distends and small volume leakage occurs. 

Treatments differ for different types of incontinence. 

How can physiotherapy help? 

Together with lifestyle changes, physiotherapy is very effective in the treatment of urinary incontinence. Physiotherapists have an essential role to play in the assessment, treatment, and prevention of incontinence. 

A physiotherapist can: 

  • Help manage incontinence by teaching how to locate and effectively strengthen pelvic floor muscles. Electrical stimulation may be used if required to stimulate and strengthen the pelvic floor 
  • Assist with bladder retraining 
  • Demonstrate correct coughing, sneezing and bracing techniques
  • Advice on lifestyle changes 
  • Real time ultrasound may also be used as biofeedback to assist you in activating the correct muscles 

Our physiotherapist will tailor your treatment programme specifically for the form of urinary incontinence that you have. 



Book an Appointment

Physio & Sole Clinic

Phone: 9126 8257

Fax: 6281 1209


Whatsapp a Podiatrist: 91754929

Whatsapp a Physiotherapist: 98997967