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Urine Incontinence Treatment

For Women > Physiotherapy > Conditions > Urine Incontinence Treatment

What is urinary incontinence?

The pelvic floor muscles work with the deep abdominal, back muscles and the diaphragm to support the spine and regulate pressure in the abdomen. It also supports the pelvic organs, maintains continence, and provides lumbopelvic stability. Therefore, when one suffers from pelvic floor dysfunction, the inability to correctly relax and coordinate these core muscles can lead to a range of issues. Pelvic Floor dysfunction can lead to anorectal incontinence and more commonly, urinary incontinence. Urinary incontinence is commonly known as the uncontrollable and accidental release of urine. This can happen by doing everyday activities such as coughing, sneezing, jogging and even laughing. It is common but it is not normal. Incontinence is a personal and sensitive problem but can greatly affect one’s quality of life.

What causes urinary incontinence?

Urinary incontinence can happen for several reasons such as underlying medical conditions like urinary tract infections or physical problems like weak pelvic floor muscles. Some everyday habits like the consumption of specific drinks, foods and medications like alcohol, large doses of vitamin C, and artificial sweeteners can act as diuretics, further stimulating the bladder. However, when it comes to persistent urinary incontinence, physical changes could be the main cause — a thorough evaluation by a medical professional can help determine the exact cause of your incontinence and suggest possible treatments.

There are different types of urinary incontinence: stress, urge, mixed and overflow.

  • Stress urinary incontinence: Most common type of incontinence. An involuntary loss of urine on effort or physical exertion, or with sneezing and coughing.
  • Urge urinary incontinence: Involuntary loss of urine associated with urgency. Overactive bladder may also present with urge incontinence and presence of urgency, usually accompanied by frequent and night walks to urinate.
  • Overflow incontinence: Brought about when the bladder is unable to empty, it overfills/distends and small volume leakage occurs.

When is urinary incontinence treatment needed?

Urinary incontinence treatment is needed when one is experiencing leaking of urine regardless of situation. Some of the most common symptoms associated with urinary incontinence include frequent urination, waking up at night to urinate, the need to urinate urgently, and leakage of urine. It is important to seek medical advice if these symptoms persist, as urinary incompetence can be a symptom of an underlying medical condition. It is also important to ask a medical doctor for guidance before undergoing any urinary incontinence treatment.

Who needs urinary incontinence treatment?

Those who are diagnosed with urinary incontinence may feel that their condition is affecting their quality of life. In general, individuals who are experiencing bothersome symptoms or complications related to urinary incontinence can benefit from undergoing the proper treatments that can address their medical concerns. Urinary incontinence treatment may be needed by individuals who experience leaking of urine during activities, such as coughing, sneezing, or exercising. This type of treatment may also be beneficial for those who have urge and/or overflow incontinence.

How is urinary incontinence diagnosed and what are the treatment options?

Urinary incontinence is typically diagnosed through a combination of medical history, physical examination, and diagnostic tests. The diagnostic process will depend on the type of incontinence and the individual’s symptoms. It is best to seek medical advice as soon as symptoms are experienced to receive a proper diagnosis and begin a urinary incontinence treatment programme, if needed.

Urine incontinence treatments differ according to the type of incontinence that an individual is dealing with, the severity of the condition, and what best fits their lifestyle. Together with lifestyle changes, pelvic floor physiotherapy is very effective in the treatment of urinary incontinence. Physiotherapists have an essential role to play in the assessment, treatment, and prevention of incontinence.

A physiotherapist trained at treating urine incontinence can:

  • Help manage incontinence by teaching how to locate and effectively strengthen pelvic floor muscles. Electrical stimulation may be used if required to stimulate and strengthen the pelvic floor
  • Assist with bladder retraining
  • Demonstrate correct bracing techniques during exertion such as lifting, coughing and sneezing
  • Advice on lifestyle changes
  • Real time ultrasound may also be used as biofeedback to assist you in activating the correct muscles

Getting the right urine incontinence treatment is crucial to a patient’s recovery. Women and Children Centre can help you find the recommended treatments for your condition. Get in touch with us today to book an appointment with one of our physiotherapists.

What to expect during urine incontinence treatments?

The specific expectations during urine incontinence treatments will depend on the type of treatment recommended by the healthcare provider. However, these are some of the general expectations that individuals can keep in mind:

Pelvic muscle exercises

Pelvic muscle exercises are one of the most common urine incontinence treatments. Expect daily exercises that will gradually increase in duration, depending on the patient’s progress. Pelvic muscle exercise sessions involve a comprehensive evaluation of a patient’s pelvic floor muscles, followed by a personalised treatment tailored to their specific needs.

Bladder training

This urine incontinence treatment involves retraining your bladder so that you can hold your urine longer without leaking urine. You will also be able to increase urination intervals once your bladder control has improved.

Lifestyle changes

Your doctor may also encourage you to make the necessary lifestyle changes to help address urine incontinence, such as, adequate water intake, eating a high-fibre diet, exercising regularly, developing good toilet habits, and making healthier lifestyle choices.


A medical professional/doctor may prescribe certain medications that can aid in improving bladder control. Medications should only be prescribed by a qualified practitioner and should only be taken by patients as advised by their doctor.


Surgery is usually considered for urine incontinence after all conservative treatments, such as pelvic muscle exercises, bladder training, lifestyle changes, and medications are not able to show significant improvements in the symptoms. This is on a case-to-case basis and should only be recommended by a medical practitioner.

Post-Urine Incontinence Treatment and Aftercare

Individuals who underwent urine incontinence treatment should perform the necessary aftercare procedures to help maintain their condition. Some of the post-urine incontinence treatment care and prevention measures include:

  • Maintaining good pelvic floor healthy by maintaining a healthy weight, refraining from lifting heavy objects, and avoiding constipation
  • Staying hydrated and drinking plenty of fluids
  • Avoiding bladder irritants, such as spicy food, alcohol, and caffeine
  • Following a healthy diet
  • Maintaining good hygiene
  • Following up with the healthcare provider

These simple yet helpful aftercare methods can help patients undergoing urine incontinence treatment manage their incontinence.

Possible Risks and Side Effects of Urine Incontinence Treatments

Urine incontinence treatments, like any medical intervention, carry some potential risks and side effects. The specific side effects depend on the treatment type and the individual’s overall health. Some possible risks and side effects of urine incontinence treatments include:

  • Pelvic muscle soreness
  • Urinary tract infections (UTIs)
  • Allergic reactions
  • Bladder/bowel problems
  • Surgery-related risks

It is crucial for individuals to discuss the other health risks and side effects of urine incontinence treatments with their doctor and to report any concerning symptoms promptly. With proper monitoring and management, most of these urine incontinence treatment risks and adverse effects can be minimised and effectively treated.

Why choose Women and Child Centre for Urine Incontinence Treatment

At the Women and Children Centre, our physiotherapist, with the guidance of a medical professional, will tailor your urine incontinence treatment programme specifically for the form of urinary incontinence that you have. Aiming to improve the health outcomes of our clients, our team is committed to providing quality physiotherapy services in Singapore that not only target the root cause of your problems but also ensure that you’re able to get back to doing the activities that you enjoy. With decades of experience in urine incontinence treatments, we make sure that you get the proper remedy to get back on your feet and rectify the issue at hand.

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Google Reviews


The therapist (Maureen) was great. Very experienced, patient and caring, made me feel very comfortable throughout the entire 4 sessions I had with her. Will definitely recommend her to anyone who needs such therapy. The counter staff are very responsive, friendly and efficient. Understanding and prompt in accommodating requests to make changes to appointments. Prompt service and zero waiting time during all my 4 sessions there. Overall, excellent standard of care and service. Keep up the good work!

Joanna Tang

Thanks to physiotherapist Maureen’s patience, understanding and expert guidance, I was able to make significant progress in my condition over three sessions! Most of all, her empathy, assuring presence and listening ear helped me to feel understood, comforted and supported in my anxieties. Will fully recommend the clinic and Maureen as a wonderful community resource for women & children issues.

Priscilla Teo

So far good experience. Dr Maureen is nice and friendly so I didn't feel awkward throughout. She's also knowledgeable and prioritize my comfort. The receptionist is pleasant as well. Overall, I feel cared for and safe to have my womanly issues treated at their clinic

Honey Bee

I was referred by my gynac for my pelvic gridle pain. I have been working with Maureen and I'm super delighted with the way she has been handling my issue. She is extremely patient and explains well. I have been to physios earlier but never really seen satisfying results; this is the first time I feel it's worth it cause I'm able to see how it is making a difference. I still have a few sessions to go but I'm glad I signed up and I look forward to my appointments. There is no hard selling, and the reception staff is super warm and helpful. Overall, very good experience.

Sheetal Bodke

I’m happy with my overall experience consulting this clinic through Maureen. She educated me well about vaginismus and go through with me patiently with all the FAQs in my head. I’m progressing now with her guidance and support. Thank you.

Nee zzii

I've been seeing Ms Maureen for my pelvic floor after birth and she has been great in showing me exercises to strengthen my weak pelvic floor after my third birth. Ms Maureen takes time to explain the anatomy to me which makes it easier for me to follow and excel the exercises. I always look forward to the appointments with her as she is also such an amazing person to chat with. Also, the ladies at the front desk are very friendly and approachable. Love coming to this clinic!

Jeannie Liew

Staff is very friendly and accommodating. Very easy to make an appointment too. The physiotherapist is very knowledgeable and kind. Will definitely come back to complete all my sessions.

Deanna Manuel

I was referred by my gynae to WACC and the physiotherapist, Maureen helped with the weakening of my pelvic muscles post delivery. Maureen is extremely knowledgeable and patiently explained the exercises that would help improve my condition. It has certainly helped and I can see improvement in strengthening the pelvic muscles.

Nur'rashikin Abdul Rashid

Maureen was able to accommodate my urgent session and helped relieve my pain tremendously.


Clinic Location

East Gate @ Katong

46 East Coast Road, East Gate @ Katong


Singapore 428766


545 Orchard Road,

#08-07A Far East Shopping Centre,

Singapore 238882

Physio & Sole Clinic

Phone: 9126 8257

Fax: 6281 1209

Email: contact@physioandsole.com

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