Osgood-Schlatter Disease is a common cause of knee pain among young children and adolescents who are growing. In children, some growth plates serve as attachment sites for tendons, the strong tissues that connect muscles to bones. A bony bump called the tibial tubercle covers the growth plate at the end of the tibia (shin). The group of muscles in the front of the thigh (called the quadriceps) attaches to the tibial tubercle. When a child is active, the quadriceps muscles pull on the patellar tendon which, in turn, pulls on the tibial tubercle. Pain occurs due to irritation around the growth plate where the patella tendon attaches. OSD usually affects children during their growth spurt periods, especially so if they are active in sports.
What are the symptoms of OSD?
Children will usually present with pain and swelling just below the knee joint. The tibial tuberosity is usually tender to touch and, in some cases, may be prominent. The pain will usually worsen with kicking, running, jumping, walking up stairs or hills and squatting. Severe pain may also lead to your child limping. The condition can affect one of both knees.
How can a physiotherapist help?
A physiotherapist can help by:
If you have any questions on OSD and its treatment, please contact us. Our physiotherapists will be able to help your child with managing their condition.Book an Appointment